Victorian Vernacular 1870 - 1895
Vernacular is used to describe houses that lack strong stylistic tendencies.
Victorian refers to the period of the reign of Queen Victoria of
England, and is commonly used to describe houses of styles that were
popular during that period (Gothic Revival, Italian Villa, Italianate,
French Second Empire, and Queen Anne are Victorian styles). What is
meant by "Victorian Vernacular" is a particular type of Cincinnati house
that was built between 1870 and 1895. It is typically one-and-a-half or
two-and-a-half stories high, has clapboard or brick siding, a front
porch, two-bay facade, and a front gable roof, with a window in the
gable. Some of these houses have no ornamentation at all. Others have
detailing, usually limited to porch and gable decoration, and decorative
siding treatments borrowed from the Stick, Eastlake, Queen Anne, and
Late Gothic styles. Stick style detailing includes patterns of vertical,
horizontal, and diagonal boards, called "stickwork," applied to wood
siding, and porches composed of plain square posts with diagonal
bracing. Eastlake is a style of ornamentation applied to houses of late
19th-century styles such as Queen Anne. Eastlake porches include
elaborate turned posts (posts with a circular shape achieved by cutting
on a lathe), curved brackets, and railings with turned spindles.
Machine-carved and cut-out wood panels in gables, and decorative
bargeboards (gable trim) are other elements of the Eastlake Style.
Decorative brickwork, stone banding, tall, narrow windows (sometimes
with pointed arches), and gable trim are typical of the Late Gothic
Style. Classical porches and shingles in the gable are among Queen Anne
features that may be seen on Victorian Vernacular houses.
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