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Italianate 1863 - 1890
houses are usually two to three stories high, square or rectangular in
plan, with low-pitched hip, gable, or shed (roof with one slope) roofs.
They may be brick with pressed metal, stone, or wood ornamentation, or
wood with wood ornamentation. The distinctive feature of nearly all
Italianate houses is a cornice supported by brackets ("bracketed
cornice") and decorative, projecting window "heads" (above openings).
Ornamentation of more elaborate brick houses, which are sometimes faced
in smooth stone, may also include quoins and window decoration that vary
from floor to floor. A recessed doorway is common. Italianate houses
are vertical in emphasis due to their tall windows and vertical
The style is common
in Cincinnati, which has one of the best collections of Italianate
buildings in the United States in the Over-the-Rhine area. Italianate is
also the dominant style in the Prospect Hill area of Mt. Auburn and in
the West End, where excellent high-style houses line Dayton Street.
Another version of the style is the one-story "shotgun" house (one room
wide with other rooms lined up behind it, creating a straight "shot"
from the front to the rear of the house). These can be found in
Corryville, Mount Adams and South Fairmont, as well as in other parts of
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