Greek Revival 1835 - 1860
Revival houses are usually symmetrical, simple in detail, and
constructed of brick or wood. Roofs are low pitched. The gable end of
the roof (where it comes to a point) may be on the front and detailed in
imitation of a temple pediment (the triangular shape over the front):
thus the descriptive term "pedimented gable". Porticos (columned
porches) are sometimes included. Attic windows are often incorporated in
the frieze (part of the entablature, a decorative horizontal band), as
roofs are generally too low to accommodate dormer windows. Doorways may
be recessed and have sidelights and rectangular transom windows. The
popular color for high style Greek Revival houses was white, which was
assumed to be the appropriate color for Greek temples.
Revival style originated in the United States in the early 19th century.
With its monumental proportions and simple forms, the style was best
suited for public buildings and churches, but was soon adapted for
residential buildings. Pattern books, including The American Builder's
Companion (1827), by Asher Benjamin, showed plans and construction
details, and were helpful in spreading the new fashion of building based
on the architecture of classical Greece.
Greek Revival was
popular in Cincinnati, and several variations of the style exist here.
The most common is a simple, two-story brick row house with little
detailing. Houses of this type are found in Over-the-Rhine, other basin
areas, and Prospect Hill.
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