Colonial Revival 1895 - 1930
Colonial Revival is used to describe houses based on designs from the Colonial
period in American history. Georgian Colonial Revival and Dutch Colonial
Revival are among common types of the style, which is distinguished by
classical detailing and simplicity of form.
Revival houses were meant to resemble those of the Georgian style, an
elaborate style of the 18th century. A Georgian Colonial Revival house
typically has a three-bay symmetrical facade and a gable or hip roof.
Siding is brick or clapboard. Details may include swan's heck pediments
(a type of pediment with curved sides, used as a decorative element over
windows and doors), pilasters, Palladian windows (a group of three
windows in which the middle one is wider, taller and usually arched),
columned porticos, dormer windows, classical entablatures, and doors
with sidelights and transoms. A simpler version of the Georgian Colonial
Revival is common in Cincinnati: is square or rectangular in plan;
two-and-a-half stories high; a two bay facade sided with brick or
clapboard; a classical columned or brick piered porch; Palladian
windows; and, a transomed door and a dormer window, which often has
classical detailing such as pilasters and pediments. Windows on the
first floor of the facade are usually larger than other windows, and
Dutch Colonial Revivals are easily identified by
gambrel roofs (a roof with two slopes of different pitches on either
side of the ridge). Houses of this type are sided in brick, clapboard,
or wood shingles. Classical details may include pedimented porticos and
doors with sidelights and transoms.
Colonial Revival started in
the East in the 1880s and came to Cincinnati about 1895. Early
high-style versions of the style were built in affluent areas of
Clifton, Hyde Park, and East Walnut Hills. Later, simpler versions are
common in areas that developed between about 1905 and 1930. Among these
are Oakley, Pleasant Ridge, and parts of Clifton, Fairview heights,
Price Hill, Westwood, and Evanston.
The phase of Colonial Revival
discussed here ended about 1930 in Cincinnati, but the style never
completely went out of fashion. Colonial details continue to be used on
houses built today.
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