Chateau 1880 - 1905
Chateau houses are massive, two-and-a-half story buildings with steeply pitched
hip roofs and smooth stone walls. Decorative gables, conical roof
towers, balconies, porches, dormer windows, bay windows, stone banding,
tall chimneys, and cast-iron roof cresting are among typical features.
Occasionally houses were built of brick and painted light colors in
imitation of stone. Roofs were commonly slate.
Based on the
architecture of 16th-century French chateaus, the Chateau style was
established in this country by architect Richard Morris Hunt. Hunt was
the first American to graduate from the prestigious Ecole des Beaux-Arts
in Paris. His designs for Chateau mansions were imitated by architects
whose wealthy clients wanted grand, showy houses. Chateau remained a
style of the elite and was not widely adapted for houses of the middle
class, who preferred the popular Queen Anne style.
Houses of the
Chateau style are rare in Cincinnati. Among the few examples that do
exist are houses in Clifton and North Avondale.
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